Punjab at a Glance

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State Capital Chandigarh
Area 50,362 Sq. Km (1.54%)
Area Under Forest 3055 Sq. Km (6%)
Latitude 29° 30′ N to 32° 32′ N
Longitude 73° 55′ E to 76° 50′ E
Altitude 180-300 metres
No. of Districts 22
Largest City (Population wise) Ludhiana
Population (2011) 2,77,04,236 (2.77 Cr)
Population Density 550 per sq. km
Male Population 1,46,34,819 (1.46 Cr)
Female Population 1,30,69,417 (1.30 Cr)
Sex Ratio 893
Literacy rate 76.7%
Male Litereacy rate 81.5%
Female Literacy rate 71.3%
District with Highest Population Ludhiana (34,87,882)
District with Least Population Barnala (5,96,294)
District with Highest Literacy rate Hoshiarpur (85.4%)
District with Lowest Literacy rate Mansa (62.8%)
District with Highest Sex Ratio Hoshiarpur (962)
District with Least Sex Ratio Bathinda (865)
District with Highest Density Ludhiana (975)
District with Least Density Muktsar (348)
Per Capital Income Rs 28,605
Borders International—— Pakistan
National——– J&K, Himachal Pradesh,

Haryana, Rajasthan

Lok Sabha Constituencies 13
Rajya Sabha Constituencies 7
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies 117
State Legislature Unicameral
Highest Court Punjab and Haryana High Court
Inhabited Villages 12581
Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
State Animal Blackbuck
State Bird Goshawk
State Tree Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)
Present Governor V. P. Singh Badnore
Present Chief Minister Amrinder Singh


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